Luyken Family Association

Daniel III Luyken (1733-1807)
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  On Daniel III Luyken:
Picture gallery

Ludwigshafen, 25.10.2009

Daniel III Luyken, Generation 6, Ref.Nr. 06-006 (BK1346)

Born: 5.4.1733 in Wesel (Germany)
Died: 20.6.1807 in Wesel (Age: 73 years)

Occupation: Factory owner

Father: Daniel II Luyken
Mother: Margartetha Hannes

Spouse: Christina Löhr
Married 28.6.1761 in Wesel (Germany)

Daniel IV Luyken (1762-1848)
Christina Luyken (1764-1834)
Arnold Luyken (1766-1807)
Gerdrutha Luyken (1769-1848)
Susanna Luyken (1772-1854)
Hendrich Luyken (1774-1814)
Margaretha Luyken (1777-1833)
Catharina Luyken (1779-1806)
Philipp Luyken (1783-1861)
Albert Luyken (1785-1867)

Biography Daniel III Luyken

These are the forebears of 85% from all living Luykens and their relatives of the branches Wesel I, Wesel II, Arnsberg, Berge and Landfort

Daniel III was born on 5.4.1733 in Wesel (Germany) as the eldest son of Daniel II Luyken and Margaretha Hannes. He finished elementary school and high school in Wesel and then went on to become a trader, a traditional occupation for five generations in his family. He spent some time in Amsterdam (Netherlands) which then held a lively trade with Wesel.

At 28 years age he married 1761 Christina Gertrutha Löhr who then was yet 19 and the eldest daughter of Johann Arnold Löhr and his wife Johanna Margaretha Nieuwert. The young couple moved to the Löhr dwelling in the later Baustrasse in which Christina's grandfather Winand Löhr run a "Leimsiederei" (a workshop for manufacturing furniture?) to which a tannery and a "Spezerei" (shop for various things?) and a leather shop were later added. Christina Löhr's mother became a widow early on and run her business alone. This must have been the reason why she consented on her daughter's marriage and turned over the leather shop and the "Spezerei" to her son-in-law, and later on, as she grew older, also the "Leimsiederei" and the tannery.

Daniel pushed the whole enterprise to high reputation and expanded the factory areal 1776 and 1779 by aquiring the neighbouring premises.

The family also grew. Wife Christine gave life from 1762 to 1785 to five sons and five daughters which all grew up to healthy and stealthy persons.

Daniel inherited extensive premises from the bequest of his father Daniel II who died 14.1.1784 and also form his mother-in-law Löhr who died 27.7.1783. These included the "Biesenhof" which was later named "Ruhof", which had been aquired by father-in-law Johann Arnold Löhr in 1741. The dwelling house was then in bad shape so that Daniel let build a new building at its side in 1786 which, with a porch added 1886, is today owned by Oswin Luyken. The lintel over the entrance door holds beside the inscription of the year 1786 the initials DL and CGL, those of Daniel and his wife Christina Gertrutha.

The barn turned out to bee too small after the succesful management of the farm and was substituted by a bigger one 1790. At the same time Daniel laid down a park on 3.5 acres area with the most varied trees. On deeper sites two big and several smaller fish ponds were carved. After the proposal of son Johann Arnold the park was named "Baumlust" (tree lust). After several years and sightly run wild it was simply called "the bush".

As during the French occupation it was forbidden to bury the dead in the churches and in cemeteries that were near cities Daniel had a crypt built in the "Bush" in the summer of 1806. This was originally an open air vault, later covered by an earthen hill, with a heavy double door (see Chronikblatt 1985). On November 6th 1806 the youngest daughter Katharina died at only 27 years age and was buried as the first one in this crypt. Only nine months later Daniel III died on June 20th 1807 and followed her. On October 7th 1807 Johann Arnold, Daniel's and Christina's second youngest son, died and found as the third one his last resting place in the crypt.

Christina Gertrutha followed her husband and two children on January 6th 1821 after being a widow for 13.5 years. Nevertheless she could enjoy seeing her son Johann Phillip married in her house, whose wife bore him seven children, five of which the grandmother could see grow up.

In spite of being so busy at work Daniel III and his wife never neglected the family. The eldest son, Daniel IV, affectionately and touchingly reports in his diary about merry family meetings. He arranged for his parents to be portraited while still alive. This made it possible, as a souvenir of the happy hours in the big family rounds, that he had, two years after his father's death, the well known family picture (108 x 71 cm) painted by the painter Te Pas, which is printed in volume I and also in volume II of the Chronikblätter.

Source: Chronikblatt 1994, 73th year, Volume VIII

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Picture Gallery Daniel III Luyken

Oil painting from 1809
From left:
Christine Schneider with child Bernhard Luyken, Margaretha Schneider,
Daniel V Luyken, Johanna Margaretha Luyken, Henriette Luyken,
Johann Arnold Luyken, Christine Löhr, Daniel III Luyken,
Georg Luyken, Daniel IV Luyken

Details about the picture: Family bulletin 1924, page 159 (German)

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Links Daniel III Luyken

Internal links
• Notices from Daniel III, family bulletin 1921, page 29 (German)
• The old Luyken-house in Wesel, family bulletin 1924, page 145 (German)
• Painting from 1809, family bulletin 1924, page 159 (German)

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